Tests for bladder conditions including cystoscopy (flexible or rigid) and urodynamic investigations to measure urine flow (cystometry).
Bowel tests include colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy.
A hysteroscopy can be carried out to examine the inside of the uterus and to biopsy the lining of the uterus (endometrium). Sometimes minor surgical procedures such as the removal of uterine polyps can be carried out by hysteroscopy.
Neurological tests include electromyograms (EMG).
Further information about these tests and surgery: laparoscopy in gynaecology can be found via the searchbox on the homepage of the website or in the menu on the left.